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Also long complex essays are more difficult to score than shorter, more limited ones. Because extended responses requires time to write, only a few questions can be given to the students.
Some Advantages and Disadvantages of Essay Test | My Personal Views
Thus essay test sample limited content and are not always a fair measure of what the student actually knows. This problem is less serious when responses are limited and the number of items are increased. Students often spend much tie answering only one or two extended essay questions which may severely limit sampling their knowledge.
Teachers in the meantime, also devote much time reading lengthy responses. However, if time limits are kept constant, Coffman has shown that objectivity is improved by increasing the number of the items than by allowing greater freedom in responding to fewer items. Poorly prepared students desperately attempt to get a passing grade by answering even if their responses are not related to the questions asked. In practice, very few essays require originality and emphasize the lengthy enumeration of memorized facts or trends.
Students can read much more rapidly than they can write. Much of the time allotted to answering an essay question is devoted to the mechanics of writing and there is relatively little time to think about content. If the teacher does not attempt to measure writing skills, a multiple-choice test will probably provide more information per until of time than with an essay.
There are varied ideas for and against essay testing. Below are the favorable comments. Likewise, there are arguments against essay tests. Situations that Suggest the Use of Essay Questions If the test objectives specify that students have to write, recall or supply information, an essay examination may be necessary. Objectives that suggest extended student responses also suggest the use of the essays. When the class size is small, the teacher can afford to spend more time reading essay responses.
Reading extended responses for large classes may prove to be excessively time consuming. Since multiple-choice tests are difficult to construct but easy to score, they are more considered more practical when the test can be reused. If a test can be only once, an essay examination may be more convenient than a multiple-choice one.
Twenty Categories of Essay Questions Carter, Defend your answer. Summarize, in not more than one page, the advantages and limitations of essay tests. Explain your answer. Discuss you method fully.ebposlippcraf.tk
Strengths and Dangers of Essay Questions for Exams
Pointers in Writing Essay Questions Some teachers are not sure of what they want; others know but fail to communicate this to students. In their case , the ambiguity of the essay questions and the lack of scoring standards reduce the effectiveness of essay tests. The following suggestions should be useful in writing essay questions. Specify limitations Tell the students the desired response and the weight each question will be given when determining the scores. This includes the time to be spent on each item, the approximate number of words per item, maximum points per item, and maximum amount of space to be devoted for each item.
Structure the task The instructions should clearly specify the task.
Make each item relatively short and increase the number of items. The more items there are, the greater chance there is of sampling of knowledge. Give all the students the same essay questions if content relevant. Sometimes, teachers give the students the opportunity to deal with one or two items from a set of essay questions. Ask questions in direct manner. Avoid deviousness and pedanticism when framing questions.. Suggestions for Rating or Scoring Essay Questions Teachers using this method decide how much weight each question will have and inform students the number of points necessary for perfect score on each question.
Rather than examining every sentence or main idea to determine how many points the students should receive, the best papers are place on a pile, the worst on the other and the intermediate in between then. Some Rights Reserved. Date last modified: March 15, Essay Questions Definition Essay questions are used to assess student knowledge of the subject content and writing ability. Types of Essay Questions Extended Response Questions This type of essay question allows a student to determine the content of the answer.
Restricted Response Questions This type of essay question is limited in terms of content and structure. Advantages of Essay Questions Allow learning objectives to be assessed through complex thinking. Allows student reasoning skills to be assessed. Allows students to construct a response to a problem instead of selecting one from a list.
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Disadvantages of Essay Questions Samples limited content challenging validity and reliability. Produces questionable scores due to the subjective nature of the questions. Scores can be influenced by factors outside the content being tested such as a predetermined notion that a student is a "poor writer. Takes extra time to score. Three well written essay questions may take more time to develop than 40 multiple-choice questions. Write questions to test a limited number of objectives.
Limit essay questions to outcomes that cannot be measured in objective terms. Never use essay questions to test facts or lower order thinking skills. Preference should be given to short versus the long essay questions to yield the desired results; however, the short essay can also be flawed since it may not employ complex thinking. We tend to think that these are the only test question options, but there are some interesting variations.
The article that promoted this review proposes one: Start with a question, and revise it until it can be answered with one word or a short phrase.
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Do not list any answer options for that single question, but attach to the exam an alphabetized list of answers. Students select answers from that list.
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