Teaching critical thinking in social work


The home of critical thinking in education and social work

The concepts and principles of critical thinking can be applied to any context or case but only by reflecting upon the nature of that application. Critical thinking forms, therefore, a system of related, and overlapping, modes of thought such as anthropological thinking, sociological thinking, historical thinking, political thinking, psychological thinking, philosophical thinking, mathematical thinking, chemical thinking, biological thinking, ecological thinking, legal thinking, ethical thinking, musical thinking, thinking like a painter, sculptor, engineer, business person, etc.

In other words, though critical thinking principles are universal, their application to disciplines requires a process of reflective contextualization. Critical thinking is considered important in the academic fields for enabling one to analyze, evaluate, explain, and restructure thinking, thereby ensuring the act of thinking without false belief.

However, even with knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and reasoning, mistakes occur, and due to a thinker's inability to apply the methodology consistently, and because of overruling character traits such as egocentrism.


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Critical thinking includes identification of prejudice , bias , propaganda, self-deception, distortion, misinformation , etc. Critical thinking skills can be used to help nurses during the assessment process. Through the use of critical thinking, nurses can question, evaluate, and reconstruct the nursing care process by challenging the established theory and practice.

Critical thinking skills can help nurses problem solve, reflect, and make a conclusive decision about the current situation they face. Critical thinking creates "new possibilities for the development of the nursing knowledge. Nurses can also engage their critical thinking skills through the Socratic method of dialogue and reflection.

This practice standard is even part of some regulatory organizations such as the College of Nurses of Ontario — Professional Standards for Continuing Competencies Critical thinking is also considered important for human rights education for toleration. The Declaration of Principles on Tolerance adopted by UNESCO in affirms that "education for tolerance could aim at countering factors that lead to fear and exclusion of others, and could help young people to develop capacities for independent judgement, critical thinking and ethical reasoning. Critical thinking is used as a way of deciding whether a claim is true, partially true, or false.

Social work education: The Relational way | Relational social work – Edizioni Erickson

It is a tool by which one can come about reasoned conclusions based on a reasoned process. The advent and rising popularity of online courses has prompted some to ask if computer-mediated communication CMC promotes, hinders, or has no effect on the amount and quality of critical thinking in a course relative to face-to-face communication.

There is some evidence to suggest a fourth, more nuanced possibility: that CMC may promote some aspects of critical thinking but hinder others. For example, Guiller et al. Newman et al.

Critical Thinking in Social Work - Mike Weyers

They found that while CMC boasted more important statements and linking of ideas, it lacked novelty. The authors suggest that this may be due to difficulties participating in a brainstorming-style activity in an asynchronous environment.

Applying Critical Thinking and Analysis in Social Work

Researchers assessing critical thinking in online discussion forums often employ a technique called Content Analysis, [47] [46] where the text of online discourse or the transcription of face-to-face discourse is systematically coded for different kinds of statements relating to critical thinking. Searching for evidence of critical thinking in discourse has roots in a definition of critical thinking put forth by Kuhn , [48] which emphasizes the social nature of discussion and knowledge construction.

There is limited research on the role of social experience in critical thinking development, but there is some evidence to suggest it is an important factor. For example, research has shown that 3- to 4-year-old children can discern, to some extent, the differential creditability [49] and expertise [50] of individuals. Further evidence for the impact of social experience on the development of critical thinking skills comes from work that found that 6- to 7-year-olds from China have similar levels of skepticism to and year-olds in the United States.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The analysis of facts to form a judgment. Main article: Logic and rationality. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Poor grammar.

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Please help improve this section if you can. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: logical reasoning.

Teaching Critical Thinking - Active Learning Activities

Philosophy portal. Age of Enlightenment Argument Argumentation theory Cognitive bias mitigation Critic Critical Thinking film Demarcation problem Dialectic Disinformation Freedom of thought Freethought Logic Logical reasoning Outline of human intelligence — topic tree presenting the traits, capacities, models, and research fields of human intelligence Outline of thought — topic tree that identifies many types of thoughts, types of thinking, aspects of thought, related fields Philosophy education Sapere Aude World Philosophy Day.

Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 3 April Psychology Today. Retrieved 14 March Re-Thinking Reason. Archived from the original on 13 June Retrieved 23 March Everything After Z by Dictionary. Retrieved 24 February Archived from the original PDF on 29 July Retrieved 4 August Educational Philosophy and Theory. Retrieved 30 November Personality and Individual Differences. Walters SUNY Press. Critical thinking and systems thinking: towards a critical literacy for systems thinking in practice.

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    §2. The future of critical thinking

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