Thesis on water supply and sanitation


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Some features of this site may not work without it. The lack of access to safe drinking water directly relates to health, bygiene and income generation of rural community in Sri Lanka. Target Ten of the Millennium development Goals MDGs is to "halve, by , the portion of population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation".

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This has promoted the government and donors to increase user involvement in water supply sector. In the past two decades many rural water supply projects have been implemented with donor assistance. Experience gained from those projects had provided guidance towards implementation policies in rural water supply and sanitation.

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The challenge facing the water sector today is how to scale up these experiences in order to meet the MDGs. Increased financing is clearly needed, but that alone will not meet the challenge. Client capacity to ensure the sustainability of investments is equally important as evident from the experience of many failures made by rural water supply schemes during the last two decades.

Therefore development of policies and strategies is needed with the understanding that water supply is a service and the user community should be considered as the core of sustainability. The rural water supply projects were implemented successfully with community involvement during the construction phase with less emphasis on operation and management. However, during the operation and maintenance period, these projects had faced problems and consequently some of these schemes were abandoned within a period of 5 years or less.

C 304 Rural water supply and sanitation

The policy for the rural water supply and sanitation sector has recognized the value of water and the need for institutional arrangement for the efficient management of facilities with community participation and the stakeholders. According to the Rural Water Policy, the users should be encouraged to own and manage the facilities and assets. There are seventy-nine community water supply schemes in the Monaragala district including five small towns implemented by the ADB assisted 3rd project completed in the years to with community involvement. Therefore it is needed to assess the CBO's capability in managing water supply schemes with respect to technical, financial, institutional, social and environmental sustainability during he operational stage, in order to ensure sustainability of the project.

Even though some indicators for measuring the overall performance of rural water supply schemes have been developed, a structured methodology is needed to assess the capability of the CBO's in the above aspects. The research focused on the CBOs capability in five main areas for sustainability of water supply schemes; 1 Technical sustainability, 2 Financial sustainability, 3 institutional sustainability, 4 Social sustainability, 5 Environmental sustainability. These values were compared with the acceptable values of the indicators in order to assess the technical, financial, institutional, social, environmental and overall sustainability of each scheme.

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Description Table of Contents Author s Bio. Summary The continuous growth in the demand for water supply and sanitation services has posed decision makers with the challenge to discover new, and to adapt existing, institutions.

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At this institute, Marco is senior lecturer and deputy head of the Management and Institutions department. He is involved in a variety of tasks from education to acquisition, scientific research and consultancy assignments. Share this Title. Recommend to Librarian.

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