However, the political corruption as name indicates is related to the politician. They usually involve in this type corruption in order to maintain their status quo. The corruption varies in the rate of presence, therefore, in this regard the incidence of corruption may be rare, widespread or systemic. The rare corruption is easy to identify and control than widespread. Whereas, the systemic corruption becomes a way of life and it is very difficult to overcome. The corruption is universal, however, its existence varies in rate of occurrence.
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Since the inception of Pakistan, the country has witnessed of the rampant corruption. Many governments in general and the governments in decade of in particular has become the victim of the widespread corruption and corrupt practices. In a recent survey conducted by the Transparency International, Pakistan ranks lowered from 42th most corrupt country to 34th country in the world.
Islam explicitly condemns the existence of corruption in every form.
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Hazart Muhammad PBUH declared that; Damned is the bribe giver or corruptor -the bribe taker the corrupted and he who goes between them. Quaid-i- Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah has strongly condemned the presence of corruption. He avowed a strict action against such mal practices and their doer. The root causes of the rampant corruption in the country are lack of effective accountability, poor performance on the part of respective institutions, unchecked and unlimited power of feudal for vested interests.
The presence of corruption and corrupt practices play a pivotal role to deteriorate law and order, shackle the economy which leads to the inflation, unemployment and poverty in the country. Its presence distracts a man from ethics, humanely attitude, tradition and civic laws. The pervasive corruption in the country can be checked by applying certain measures.
The government should ascertain the rule of law; it means equal application of law, equal protection by the law and equality before law, effective and impartial accountability, active role of media to eradicate the corruption are the few factors which can play an active role to diminish the corruption.
The word corruption is derived from the Latin word corruptus means to break. Conceptually it is a behavior which distracts a person from ethics, morality tradition, law and civic virtues. The corruption is of various types. It is a petty, grand or political.
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The petty corruption is linked to the low salaried employees. This type of corruption usually exists to fast track the administrative bureautic procedure and regulations.
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The general perception about this kind of corruption is that people indulge in order to meet their living expenses. Thus the need a reason is applied to this form of corruption. The grand type of corruption is associated with high level bureaucracy. The greed and lust for power is the main factors behind this type of corruption.
The political corruption is related to politicians. The expensive election campaigns, dispense the political favor from the colleagues and to keep the sub-ordinates happy, cooperative and loyal, and lust for power is few factors which inspire the politicians for corruption. The incidence of corruption varies in rate of existence in society. It may be rare, widespread and systemic. The corruption which is not deeply rooted in the entire edifice of the government known as rare corruption.
Further, it is easy to detect and control, and the culprit can easily be punished, whereas, the corruption which is permeated in all the sphere of life is called as widespread corruption, and it is difficult to detect and control. However, in case of systemic corruption, it becomes the way of life and it is very difficult to overcome. In Pakistan the prevalent corruption is perceived as widespread and systemic.
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It has deeply ingrained in society and government at all levels. Islam is the religion of high values and ethics and strongly condemns the corruption in all its forms. Islam provides complete code of life. It is replete with moral standards, ethics, values and norms of behavior which facilitates the Muslims to run the daily affairs of personal, professional and business life in more disciplined way. Islam condemns the corruption in it's every form i. He advocated the policy of strict action against the corruption doer.
It exists in all countries i. In some countries it is infused in lesser scale than the other countries. In Pakistan the corruption has become systemic on large scale. Pakistan has remained the prey of corruption since its inception, despite that fact that Quaid-iAzam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder as well as the first Governor General of Pakistan denounced the existence the corruption.
Therefore, due to the continuity of corruption it has become the way of life now. There are several factors responsible for the existence of prevalent corruption in the country. The major factors are responsible for the pervasive corruption in the country is the poor governance on and the dismal performance on the part of institutions. It is a fact of matter that the very foundation of any institution lays in the process of appointment. If such process is carried out transparently, the institution becomes the model of efficiency and performance. However, in Pakistan the appointments are being made on the basis of favoritism and nepotism at a great extent.
Therefore, the development and innovation in these institutions remain stagnant, rather these become the hub of politics. In Pakistan there are many profit-earning institutions which have been running in a loss during many years. These include; steel Mill, Pakistan Railway, Wapda, etc. Though the governments have made efforts for handling the corruption like Pakistan penal code of , the prevention of corruption Act of , and the National Accountability Ordinance , however, these efforts remain elusive on the side of implementation due to absence of a political will to carry out this gigantic task.
Shoukat Ali Tarin, former Finance Minister publicly acknowledged and pointed out about the existence of billion rupee corruption in Federal Bureau of Revenue FBR , tax collecting institution. But the government does not seem to take any strong measures to nip the corruption in the bud. Other factor conducive to such a rampant corruption in a country is the meager income of the employees.
The minimum wages set by the government, and salaries given to lower grade employees do not keep the body and soul together. The government increases pay at once in a year, however, the prices of consumer goods soar on the daily basis. I am of the view that this is a good effort but what could be the real causes of corruption are not discussed so far.
I am not a regular writer, it was my first article though. I have often written in journals. But I am not used to with the newspapers, and I just saw your comment.
I can outline causes of corruption as well but I was given a limited space for this article, I wrote many other things that were edited then. I shall probably be writing more when I get a chance. Thanks for your appreciation. I was looking for something interesting to read and came across this article. It flushed years lying dust from some memories. Although their is an established concept that corruption is bad and no doubt about it.
Essays On Corruption In Pakistan
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